30 When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.
The cross was the goal of Jesus from the very beginning. His birth was so there would be His death. The incarnation was for our atonement. He was born to die so that we might live. And when He had accomplished the purpose He had come to fulfill, He summed it up with a single word: finished.
In the original Greek, it was a common word. Jesus probably used it after He finished a project that He and Joseph might have been working on together in the carpentry shop. Jesus might have turned to Joseph and said, “Finished. Now let’s go have lunch.” It is finished. Mission accomplished. It is done. It is made an end of.
So what was finished? Finished and completed were the horrendous sufferings of Christ. Never again would He experience pain at the hand of wicked men. Never again would He have to bear the sins of the world. Never again would He, even for a moment, be forsaken of God. That was completed. That was taken care of.
Also finished was Satan’s stronghold on humanity. Jesus came to deal a decisive blow against the devil and his demons at the cross of Calvary. Hebrews 2:14 says, “That through death he might destroy him who had the power of death, that is the devil.” This means that you no longer have to be under the power of sin. Because of Jesus’ accomplishment at the cross, finished was the stronghold of Satan on humanity.
And lastly, finished was our salvation. It is completed. It is done. All of our sins were transferred to Jesus when He hung on the cross. His righteousness was transferred to our account.
So Jesus cried out the words, “It is finished!” It was God’s deliberate and well-thought-out plan. It is finished—so rejoice!
What does mean to Finish?
1. Fulfillment of all Scriptures of the sufferings of CHRIST (Ps. 22; Isa. 53; Lk. 24:25-26, 44; Jn. 19:28; 1 Pet. 1:11; 3:18)
2. Defeat of Satan (Jn. 12:31-32; Col. 2:14-17; Heb. 2:14-15)
3. Breaking down the middle wall of partition to make Jews and Gentiles one (Eph. 2:14-18; 3:6; 1 Cor. 12:13; Gal. 3:28; Rom. 10)
4. Way for personal access to GOD (Eph. 2:18-19; Heb. 10:19-38)
5. Cancellation of the reign of death (Rom. 5:12-21; 6:9; 8:2; 1 Cor. 15:1-58; 2 Cor. 3:6-15; Heb. 2:14-15)
6. Cancellation of sins power (Rom. 6:1-23; 1 Cor. 15:54-58)
7. Perfection of CHRIST (Heb. 2:10; 5:8-11)
8. Salvation from all sin (Mt. 26:28; Eph. 1:7; Col. 1:14; Heb. 9:15; Rev. 1:5; 5:9-10)
9. Death penalty paid for all (2 Cor. 5:14-21; 1 Cor. 6:19-20; Heb. 2:9-15; Rom. 5:6-8; 1 Pet. 1:19)
"I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in Me, though he may die, he shall live"
It is about Jesus, and it is specifically about Jesus crucified and risen again from the dead.
I don’t know how you might describe your life this Easter. Maybe you are full of faith and looking forward to joining your family and friends at church and perhaps a special meal later in the day. If everything is going well for you, then praise God for that.
For others, it might be a different story. For some, Easter may even be a bittersweet day.
Death can seem so brutal, so ruthless, and so final. And that is exactly how the disciples felt when they saw the beaten, bloodied body of their Lord hanging on a Roman cross. Then, in addition to the Crucifixion, a Roman soldier took his spear, thrust it into Jesus’ side, and out of it came blood and water.
There was no question about it. Christ had died. If the Crucifixion hadn’t killed him, certainly the spear of the Roman soldier would have. The disciples thought it was over. They thought death had finished it.
So the disciples were shocked to find an angel waiting for them with the good news: “Do not be alarmed. You seek Jesus of Nazareth, who was crucified. He is risen! He is not here. See the place where they laid Him” (Mark 16:6).
They thought He was dead. But He was alive again.
Because Jesus has died and has risen again, it means that we as believers do not have to be afraid of death. As 1 Corinthians 15:20 tells us, “But now Christ is risen from the dead, and has become the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep.” Jesus has gone to the other side, He has returned, and He has the keys to death and hell (see Revelation 1:18).
He is the resurrection and the life, and if we believe in Him, though we were dead, yet shall we live.